Create a repeat section in LilyPond readable format.

rp(phrase, n = 1)

pct(phrase, n = 1, counter = FALSE, step = 1, reset = TRUE)

volta(phrase, n = 1, endings = NULL, silent = FALSE)

Arguments

phrase

a phrase object or equivalent string to be repeated.

n

integer, number of repeats of phrase (one less than the total number of plays).

counter

logical, if TRUE, print the percent repeat counter above the staff, applies only to measure repeats of more than two repeats (n > 2).

step

integer, print the measure percent repeat counter above the staff only at every step measures when counter = TRUE.

reset

logical, percent repeat counter and step settings are only applied to the single pct call and are reset afterward. If reset = FALSE, the settings are left open to apply to any subsequent percent repeat sections in a track.

endings

a single phrase or a list of phrases, alternate endings.

silent

if TRUE, no text will be printed above the staff at the beginning of a volta section.See details.

Value

a phrase.

Details

These functions wraps a phrase object or a character string in LilyPond repeat syntax. The most basic is rp for basic wrapping a LilyPond unfold repeat tag around a phrase. This repeats the phrase n times, but it is displayed in the engraved sheet music fully written out as a literal propagation of the phrase with no repeat notation used to reduce redundant presentation. The next is pct, which wraps a percent repeat tag around a phrase. This is displayed in sheet music as percent repeat notation whose specific notation changes based on the length of the repeated section of music, used for beats or whole measures. volta wraps a phrase in a volta repeat tag, used for long repeats of one or more full measures or bars of music, optionally with alternate endings.

Note that basic strings should still be interpretable as a valid musical phrase by LilyPond and such strings will be coerced to the phrase class by these functions. For example, a one-measure rest, "r1", does not need to be a phrase object to work with these functions, nor does any other character string explicitly written out in valid LilyPond syntax. As always, see the LilyPond documentation if you are not familiar with LilyPond syntax.

VOLTA REPEAT: When silent = TRUE there is no indication of the number of plays above the staff at the start of the volta section. This otherwise happens automatically when the number of repeats is greater than one and no alternate endings are included (which are already numbered). This override creates ambiguity on its own, but is important to use multiple staves are present and another staff already displays the text regarding the number or plays. This prevents printing the same text above every staff.

PERCENT REPEAT: As indicated in the parameter descriptions, the arguments counter and step only apply to full measures or bars of music. It does not apply to shorter beats that are repeated using pct.

See also

Examples

x <- phrase("c ec'g' ec'g'", "4 4 2", "5 432 432") e1 <- phrase("a", 1, 5) # ending 1 e2 <- phrase("b", 1, 5) # ending 2 rp(x) # simple unfolded repeat, one repeat or two plays
#> <Musical phrase> #> \repeat unfold 2 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 } #>
rp(x, 3) # three repeats or four plays
#> <Musical phrase> #> \repeat unfold 4 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 } #>
pct(x) # one repeat or two plays
#> <Musical phrase> #> \repeat percent 2 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 } #>
pct(x, 9, TRUE, 5) # 10 plays, add counter every 5 steps
#> <Musical phrase> #> \set countPercentRepeats = ##t #> \set repeatCountVisibility = #(every-nth-repeat-count-visible 5) #> \repeat percent 10 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 } #> \set countPercentRepeats = ##f #> \set repeatCountVisibility = #(every-nth-repeat-count-visible 1) #>
pct(x, 9, TRUE, 5, FALSE) # as above, but do not reset counter settings
#> <Musical phrase> #> \set countPercentRepeats = ##t #> \set repeatCountVisibility = #(every-nth-repeat-count-visible 5) #> \repeat percent 10 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 } #>
volta(x) # one repeat or two plays
#> <Musical phrase> #> \repeat volta 2 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 | } #>
volta(x, 1, list(e1, e2)) # one repeat with alternate ending
#> <Musical phrase> #> \repeat volta 2 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 | } #> \alternative { #> { <a\5>1 | } #> { <b\5>1 | } #> }
volta(x, 4, list(e1, e2)) # multiple repeats with only one alternate ending
#> <Musical phrase> #> \repeat volta 5 { <c\5>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 | } #> \alternative { #> { <a\5>1 | } #> { <b\5>1 | } #> }
volta(x, 4) # no alternates, more than one repeat
#> <Musical phrase> #> \repeat volta 5 { <c\5>4^"Play 5 times." <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>4 <e\4 c'\3 g'\2>2 | } #>